Cullen Family History
 and Genealogy

Nicolas Audet

Nicolas Audet

Male 1637 - 1700  (~ 63 years)

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  • Name Nicolas Audet 
    Born Jul 1637  Maulais, Poitou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 09 Dec 1700  St.Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried 10 Dec 1700  St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Notes 
    • Our first Audet ancestor in New France was Nicolas Audet, the son of Innocent Audet and Vincente Roy. He was born in 1637 and baptized on July 12th of that year in St. Pierre parish in the village of Maulais, Deux Sevres, in Poitou. This is now part of Taize in the district of Thouars.

      Nothing is known about Nicolas' early life. The first record of him is his confirmation which occurred in Quebec on March 23, 1664. Bishop Laval performed the ceremony. Presumably, he arrived in New France sometime in 1662 or 1663. In the church entry, his home parish in France is identified as St. Mathurin in Poitou. There were several parishes of that name in the general area of Poitou at the time. The entry does not mention the Lapointe dit name.

      No further record of Nicolas has been found in Quebec between 1664 and 1666.

      However, it has been stated by some researchers that Nicolas was in the French Army in 1665 and 1666. The King sent about 1000 troops to Quebec in 1665 to quell the Iroquois uprisings. These troops were supplemented by members of the local militia and settlers. It is believed that Nicolas was still in Quebec at the time. The records show that Nicolas was a member of the Monteil Company which was composed of soldiers from Poitou. All of the soldiers who were assigned a dit name in this company had such a name beginning with "L". This was an easy way of identifying the company to which the soldiers belonged. Nicolas' dit name was Lapointe. This is the first known record of the Audet dit Lapointe name in New France.

      The only other possible explanation for Nicolas' army service is that sometime after his confirmation in 1664, he returned to France and then joined the army prior to its assignment to New France. I believe this unlikely since Captain Tracy, the leader of the Monteil Company, sailed with his troops in early 1664 for the West Indies prior to being rerouted to New France to join the larger Salières Carignan force which sailed for Quebec in 1665.

      When the Indian wars ended in 1666, Nicolas was among the 400 soldiers who remained in Quebec as settlers.

      In the census of 1666, Nicolas (listed as Lapointe) was a labourer, one of 12 employees of Bishop Laval working on his lands at Saint Joachim near Cape Tourmente, Beaupré. On 22 June 1667, the Bishop, who owned extensive seigneurial lands, granted Nicolas three arpents of frontage on the south side of Île d'Orléans along the Saint Lawrence River in Sainte-Famille parish. Twelve years later, this land would become part of the newly-created Saint Jean parish. Each year on November 11th, he was required to pay to the Bishop in payment for his land, 20 sols in seigneurial rent for each arpent, 12 deniers for "cens" and 3 capons chosen by the Seigneur. He also probably had to have his grain milled at the Bishop's mill. The land grant contract was witnessed by notary Paul Vachon, Jean Crete, master cartwright, Paul de Rainville, sheriff of Beauport, and Bishop Laval himself. It seems Nicolas had become well known and connected.

      His neighbours on the Island were Guy Boivin and Robert Boulay. He hired them "to help him build a house to be finished within one year from this day." But it seems that he did not immediately settle on his lands. There is a reference in Roy showing that on October 13, 1668, he was the porter at Bishop Laval's residence in Québec. On that date, Sieur Jean Madry, made a visit to Bishop Laval's residence, which is described in Roy's book as follows:

      "Today, at the entrance gate of the estate, Sieur Jean Madry rang a little bell, in response to which he was met by Nicolas Audet, porter of the Château. After admitting him, Audet went to inform his master, the Bishop."

      As Nicolas was gainfully employed, presumably he had his house constructed on his lands and perhaps had left Quebec to be a farmer. The only thing remaining was to find a wife to help with the farming chores and to build a family. Here, the filles du roi program came to the rescue in the form of Madeleine Després.

      Madeleine was born about 1653 in St. Sauveur parish in Paris. She was the daughter of François Després and Madeleine Legrand. She was sponsored as a fille du roi by Anne Gasnier and brought with her a dowry of 200 livres in addition to the usual other provisions gifted by the King. Madeleine arrived in New France in 1670. How the two met was most likely in the usual way – a form of parade of eligible women and men and an interrogation of sorts. Likely, Nicolas' connection with the Bishop assisted in supporting a good impression. On August 30, 1670, Nicolas and Madeleine met at Quebec with notary Romain Bequet, who drew up a marriage contract. Anne Gasnier and Elisabeth Etienne were witnesses. They were married on September 15th in Ste. Famille Parish, the only church on Île d"Orléans at that time. The witnesses were Pierre Rondeau and Mathurin Dube, the latter another of our ancestors.

      The couple had twelve children, nine boys and three girls but the elder two died young. All were baptized in the Parish of Sainte-Famille except the youngest three who were baptized at Saint-Jean, after that parish was created.

      By 1681, Nicolas had acquired more land. In the census for that year, he indicated 15 arpents cleared for cultivation and he owned six horned animals (probably oxen and cattle) and a gun. In 1689, Nicolas became gravely ill. He was hospitalized for 19 days in August and in September, he spent 26 days under the care of the nursing sisters at Hôtel-Dieu in Québec.

      On July 9, 1696, he was awarded another land grant of three arpents of river frontage in St. Laurent, some distance to the west of his farm. Two years later, he gave this land to his son Jean-Baptiste.

      Nicolas died on December 9, 1700 and was buried the next day at the St. Jean cemetery. The family farm and the obligation to care for Madeleine were passed on to his son Joseph. An inventory of family assets was made by notary Etienne Jacob on September 27, 1706. It listed 75 arpents of usable land, a two-room, 18x24' house with two chimneys, a cellar and loft, and finished in rough beams, plus a barn and stable. The farm was located at lot numbers 192 and 193 of the cadastral plan of St. Jean parish.
    Person ID I4890  Cullen family tree
    Last Modified 21 Jan 2018 

    Father Innocent Audet,   b. 26 Mar 1614, Taize, Poitou, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Vincende Roy,   b. Abt 1609, Taize, Poitou, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 1644, Maulais, Poitou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 35 years) 
    Married 13 Feb 1634  Maulais, Bressuire, Deux SËvres, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Family ID F1835  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Magdeleine Després,   b. 1656, St. Saveur Parish, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Dec 1712, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Married 15 Sep 1670  Ste. Famille, Œle d'OrlÈans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. Nicolas Audet-dit-Lapointe,   b. 21 Sep 1671, Ste-Famille, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1671, Ste-Famille, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     2. Nicolas Audet-dit-Lapointe,   b. 13 Sep 1672, Ste Familie, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Oct 1751, St-François-du-Sud, Montmagny, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)  [natural]
     3. Pierre Audet-dit-Lapointe,   b. Jul 1674, St. Famille, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 May 1715, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years)
     4. Jean-Baptiste Audet-dit-Lapointe,   b. 11 Nov 1675, Ste. Famille, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Nov 1728, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
     5. Madeleine Audet-dite-Lapointe,   b. 18 Sep 1677, Ste. Famille, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 08 Nov 1761, St. Laurent, Île d'Orléans, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     6. Joseph Audet-dit-Lapointe,   b. Oct 1680, St. Famille, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 1732, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years)
     7. Marie Audet-dite-Lapointe,   b. 28 Aug 1682, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 04 Jan 1775, St. Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 92 years)
     8. François Audet-dit-Lapointe,   b. 10 Apr 1684, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 18 Aug 1751  (Age > 67 years)  [natural]
     9. Marguerite Audet-dite-Lapointe,   b. 10 Dec 1686, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jul 1758, L'Assomption, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)  [natural]
     10. Innocent Audet-dit-Lapointe,   b. 16 Apr 1689, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 05 Feb 1774, Boucherville, Quebec Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)  [natural]
     11. Joachim Audet-dit-Lapointe,   b. 27 Oct 1690, St. Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jul 1747, Boucherville, New France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)  [natural]
    Family ID F1832  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 09 Dec 1700 - St.Jean, Île d'Orléans, New France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Audet and Lapointe residence locations 1666-1920
    Audet and Lapointe residence locations 1666-1920
    Nicolas Audet dit Lapointe & Madeleine Després marriage record 1670
    Nicolas Audet dit Lapointe & Madeleine Després marriage record 1670

    Histories
    Lapointe Ancestors
    Lapointe Ancestors
    A list of our Lapointe ancestors (husbands and wives) who were the first of their families to settle in New France, mostly in the 17th century.

    Excerpt from A Melding of Cultures Ancestors of George Turner and Bernadette Joanis, Volume 2: Our Lapointe and Joanis Ancestors Four Hundred Years of French Canadian Heritage, Mark Cullen, Vancouver, 2018, Appendix 1, pp 125-126

    Lapointe Ancestors – Family Tree Charts
    Lapointe Ancestors – Family Tree Charts
    Family tree charts for each generation of our direct Audet and Lapointe ancestors.

    Excerpt from A Melding of Cultures Ancestors of George Turner and Bernadette Joanis, Volume 2: Our Lapointe and Joanis Ancestors Four Hundred Years of French Canadian Heritage, Mark Cullen, Vancouver, 2018, pp 38 and 131-138

    Nicolas Audet dit Lapointe (1637-1700) and Magdeleine Després (1656-1712)
    Nicolas Audet dit Lapointe (1637-1700) and Magdeleine Després (1656-1712)
    Our Audet dit Lapointe ancestors were founding settlers of Île d'Orléans in the 1660s. Nicolas married Magdeleine Després in 1670 and they settled in what would become St. Jean parish. The couple had 11 children. This is a chronicle of their lives.

    Albums
    Nicolas Audet dit Lapointe
    Nicolas Audet dit Lapointe (12)

  • Sources 
    1. [S141] Dictionnaire genealogique des familles Audet dit Lapointe, page 21.

    2. [S141] Dictionnaire genealogique des familles Audet dit Lapointe, Page 19.

    3. [S141] Dictionnaire genealogique des familles Audet dit Lapointe, 21.